According to the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 25.8 million children and adults in the Unites States have diabetes, that's greater than 8 percent of the population. (American Diabetes Association)

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disorder of the body's means of utilizing glucose, a simple sugar that is the basic fuel that energizes our cells. Before the food we eat can be used as fuel by our muscles and other tissues, it must first be converted into glucose. Then the glucose must enter the individual cells, where it is metabolized, or "burned," to provide energy for the cell's functions. The hormone insulin, which is produced in the pancreas, is essential for this process, as it ushers glucose into the cells. (Julian Whitaker, M.D.)

Types of Diabetes

Prediabetes - Is when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Although a person with prediabetes is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, there are ways to lower your risk for developing the disease. Lowering you body weight, even by 10 to 15 pounds and exercising moderately can help to lower your risk. To determine if you have prediabetes, your physician can perform the following tests: fasting plasma glucose test (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test, (OGTT) or A1C blood test. (American Diabetes Association)

Type-1 diabetes in most cases is an autoimmune reaction, in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. The pancreas has stopped functioning properly in terms of insulin production. Type-1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes; without insulin, the cells will starve for lack of energy.

Insulin-dependent diabetics would benefit from maintaining a balanced caloric intake of low-glycemic foods, allowing them to take as little insulin as possible to maintain good sugar levels.

We do not know exactly what causes type-1 diabetes; but we do know that eating the right foods and exercising regularly will make life easier.

Type-2 Diabetes is at least 90% of all diabetics. It happens when your pancreas produces insulin that the body's cells resist. It's been estimated that by the time the clinical diagnosis of type-2 diabetes is made, many patients have had the disease for 5 to 8 years-enough time to develop complications. The American Diabetes Association now recommends that all Americans forty-five years of age and older be screened for diabetes every three years.
The best test is the fasting glucose test. You fast overnight, then have a small amount of blood drawn and tested for concentration of glucose. Reading of 126/dl or greater on two different days suggest a diagnosis of diabetes. (Gabriel Cousens, MD)

Gestational Diabetes - Women who did not previously have diabetes can develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy due to high blood glucose levels. It is estimated that nearly 18% of pregnancies are affected by this. Gestational diabetes typically affects the mother late in pregnancy and starts when the body is not able to make and use all the insulin it needs for the pregnancy. Without enough insulin, the glucose builds up in the blood and cannot be changed into energy. The glucose can build up to high levels, called hyperglycemia. Untreated this can cause harm to the baby. The glucose that has built up in the blood goes through the placenta and these high levels of glucose are passed onto the baby. This can cause overweight babies and also put them at risk for obesity, type 2 diabetes and breathing problems. (American Diabetes Association)

It is estimated that 41 million people are diagnosed with pre-diabetes in the US. About 10 percent of those will develop full-blown diabetes each year, shortening life spans by ten years and accounting for about 210,000 deaths per year from diabetes. (Gabriel Cousens, MD)

Signs and Symptoms

It can be difficult to know if you have diabetes as signs and symptoms can develop gradually over time and can be hard to recognize. Some people may not have any symptoms at all.

Symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Skin rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred Vision
  • Increased Hunger
  • Tingling or numbness to extremities
  • Cuts or bruises that heal slowly

Complications

The body breaks down the sugars and starches from the food that we eat and turns it into glucose. Insulin is needed to take that glucose from the blood to fuel the cells in your body. When your body doesn't produce enough insulin to do this, the glucose builds up in your blood and can cause serious issues. Here are some of the serious complications that can be caused by diabetes.

Heart Disease
Stroke
High Blood Pressure
Blindness
Kidney Disease
Neuropathy - nervous system damage
Amputation

All American Medical Supplies and You

All American Medical Supplies is a leader in providing their patients with the help they need to improve their health dramatically.

Our goal at All American Medical Supplies is to provide the very best in diabetic supplies. Our staff of specialists our here to help, and to give you personalize support when you need it.

Our overall goal is to improve the condition of those suffering from diabetes.